Periodontal or Gum disease is a chronic inflammatory disease that destroys gum tissues and bones that support the teeth. The chief cause of this disease is accumulation of bacteria in the form of a sticky, colorless plaque that constantly builds up on the teeth and requires regular professional cleanings and dental visits.
Signs and Symptoms of Gum Disease:
- Bleeding Gums
- Puffiness, redness and swelling in gums
- Gum recession
- Loose permanent teeth
- Persistent bad taste or bad breath in mouth
- Poorly fitting teeth
- Poorly fitting partial dentures
- Visible pus around teeth and gums
- Pains when chewing foods
- Sensitive teeth
Gum disease treatment is the only option if you have periodontal disease. Gingivitis and other illnesses can even travel to your heart and cause some serious damage. Here are some of the options that you can go with in case of gum problems:
- 1. Non-Surgical
It cannot be the option for all types of gum diseases. Periodontists and dentists are bound by some ethics and morals, which force them to choose the least invasive alternatives possible for the patient. These treatments can help patients in getting rid of tartar and plaque from the periodontal pockets. The non-surgical procedures are sometimes all you need to get back on the track to healthy teeth and gums.
Some procedures that do not involve surgery are:
- Dental Cleaning: In this, the dentist or dental hygienist removes plaque and tartar. The cleaning is done for all the teeth, above and below the gum line. In some cases dentist will recommend professional teeth cleaning twice a year.
- Scaling and Root Planing: It is a comprehensive cleaning procedure in which tartar and plaque are scraped-off from the gum line (called as scaling). After scaling, the rough spots on teeth are made smooth (called as Root Planing). The tooth surface is smoothened to remove the bacteria and provide a clean surface to gums so that they can re-attach the teeth.
- 2. Surgical
When the non-invasive approach is not sufficient enough to treat a patient's issues, the surgery may be chosen as an option then.
The four primary types of gum disease treatment include:
- Pocket reduction
- Dental crown lengthening
- Regenerative procedures
- Gum grafting
- 3. Laser Therapy
Laser therapy has been in popularity across the dental field from many years. Some dentists have started using them in conjunction with traditional procedures to provide additional benefits (reduced bleeding, eliminating risk of infections).
Click here if you are looking for Gum Disease Treatment in San Diego. The gum disease treatment depends upon the stage of the problem, your overall health, how good you maintain your oral hygiene, whether you smoke or not, and your response to previous treatment.