Retainers are a significant part of orthodontic treatment. Patients generally anticipate that their dental alignment work is done once those nasty braces are gone. However, that is not the case. All your patience and money can go to waste if you don’t use the orthodontic retainer after the braces because newly aligned teeth can go back to the pretreated state if not taken care of.
Why Are Retainers Required?
Teeth are held inside the attachments of a bone, which permits them to be moved and straightened out. So what clear retainers or other types of retainers do is move the teeth inside those attachments, making the ligaments on one side pack and simultaneously, extending the opposite end.
So once the bonded retainer is off, the teeth begin moving back to their original position. So retainers help the teeth "hold" their new position, and with time the teeth conform to the new position. The retainer may appear to be somewhat weird and may even influence discourse, the patient may draw a bit, yet with time the patient will become habitual to the retainer.
Before all else, orthodontists suggest that the patient wear the retainer all the ideal opportunity for two or three months. At that point step by step, they are needed to wear during the evening just and afterward to a couple of evenings every week. It is suggested that patients never completely quit wearing Invisalign retainer.
Types of Retainers
There are three types of retainers.
1. Hawley Retainer
These are made of bendable wires and acrylic or plastic. The wire encompasses the six front teeth and holds the position. These are customizable so the orthodontic can fix the teeth if need be. These are anything but difficult to clean and arrive in a wide range of tones and styles.
2. Essix Retainer
Essix retainer or vacuum shaped retainers are made of formed clear plastic. These retainers wear out in two or three years so they should be replaced. They additionally don't adjust the top and the base teeth and in this way are not favored by orthodontists. These retainers trap fluid inside the teeth and make it hard for the inside surfaces to be cleaned.
3. Permanent Retainer
A permanent retainer is stuck to the rear of the patient's teeth, so they are not noticeable. The orthodontists start with these retainers and afterward proceed onward to the Hawley or Essix retainers. These retainers not at all like others can't be eliminated by the patient.
Advantages of fixed retainers include:
- They stay on the teeth all of the time;
- You don't have to remember to put them back on after eating.
Disadvantages of fixed retainers include:
- They can be hard to clean around with brushing and flossing;
- If they become loose, it can be uncomfortable and the teeth can move out of place quickly.
Advantages of removable retainers include:
- They can be taken out while eating so there are no restrictions for types of foods eaten;
- There is nothing in the way to prevent excellent oral hygiene and cleaning of the teeth.
Disadvantages of removable retainers include:
- They can be taken out and forgotten or lost;
- If not worn regularly, the teeth can move out of position.