health (56)

Many people underestimate the importance of treating gum disease promptly. Ignoring swollen and bleeding gums can lead to tooth loss and serious health problems. The good news is that gum disease can be effectively managed if caught early. Here are eleven reasons why you should address bleeding and inflamed gums without delay.

1. Prevent tooth loss

One of the main consequences of untreated gum disease is tooth loss, which can significantly affect your bite, bone health, and self-confidence. Early treatment of gum disease can help prevent tooth loss and maintain the integrity and appearance of your smile.

2. Stop gum recession

Gum disease can cause your gums to pull away from your teeth, creating pockets that harbor harmful bacteria. Treating gum disease early helps prevent gum recession and keeps your gum line healthy and intact.

3. Reduce hospital visits

Advanced gum disease can be extremely painful and may lead to frequent emergency room visits. Studies show that managing gum disease effectively can reduce the need for emergency medical care and lower overall medical expenses.

4. Lower risk of heart problems

Gum disease has been linked to various serious health issues, including diabetes and certain cancers. It is also strongly associated with heart disease. Untreated gum disease can increase your risk of heart attacks, strokes, and high blood pressure. Taking care of your gums is a step toward protecting your heart.

5. Improve your breath

Bad breath, or halitosis, is a common symptom of gum disease. The buildup of bacteria in your mouth can cause a persistent bad odor. Treating gum disease not only helps improve your oral health but also eliminates bad breath, making you feel more confident in social interactions.

6. Prevent jawbone deterioration

Severe gum disease can lead to tooth loss, which in turn can cause your jawbone to deteriorate. When teeth are missing, the bone that supports them starts to weaken. This can affect the overall structure of your jaw, leading to further dental issues.

7. Avoid bite problems

Losing teeth due to gum disease can alter your bite. This may make it difficult to chew food properly and can lead to your teeth not fitting together correctly. An unstable bite can also cause headaches, migraines, and temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders.

8. Maintain strong gums

Your gums play a crucial role in supporting your teeth. Healthy gums ensure that your teeth are well-anchored and stable. Gums that are not bleeding, receding, or painful are essential for a beautiful and functional smile.

9. Protect your overall health

Gum disease is essentially an infection that can have widespread effects on your body. Bacteria and tooth plaque from gum disease can enter your bloodstream, potentially affecting other parts of your body. Treating gum disease helps eliminate this infection, contributing to better overall health.

10. Secure loose teeth

Before a tooth falls out due to gum disease, it often becomes loose. Unlike baby teeth, adult teeth are meant to last a lifetime. Treating gum disease strengthens your gums and the connections between your teeth and gums, helping to keep your teeth secure.

11. Alleviate pain and discomfort

Swollen, bleeding gums are often painful, which can make daily activities like eating and brushing your teeth uncomfortable. Severe symptoms might even lead you to avoid certain foods or neglect oral hygiene. Treating gum disease can significantly reduce pain and restore comfort to your gums.

The Bottom Line

Healthy gums should not bleed or swell. If you experience these symptoms, seeking help from a dental professional is crucial. Early treatment of gum disease can prevent many severe and irreversible health issues. Taking care of your gums is not just about maintaining a beautiful smile; it's also about protecting your overall health. Don't ignore the signs—address gum disease promptly to ensure long-term oral and systemic health.

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Well-aligned teeth are easier to clean, lowering the risk of future gum disease treatment. Non-surgical bite correction also relieves tension on your teeth, jaws, and muscles, reducing the possibility of a broken tooth. It may also alleviate symptoms of temporomandibular joint disorders (TMJ or TMD).

Let’s observe the types of malocclusions and non-surgical bite adjustment methods.

Types of Malocclusions

Gapped Teeth

Gaps between teeth may form due to irregular jawbone growth. Missing teeth can also cause adjacent teeth to shift due to the extra space, resulting in gaps in your teeth. Spacing and gaps between teeth can cause gum difficulties (due to a lack of protection from the teeth), periodontal pockets, and an increased risk of gum disease.


Overbite occurs when the upper teeth bite against the lower teeth. It is often caused by heredity, poor oral hygiene, or overgrowth of the bone that supports the teeth. This can cause gum inflammation, wear on the lower teeth, and painful jaw and joint problems.


Underbite occurs when the lower teeth protrude beyond the front teeth. It is typically caused by undergrowth of the upper jaw, overgrowth of the lower jaw, or both. Missing top teeth may also cause it. This can hinder the normal function of the front teeth or molars, resulting in tooth wear. It might also result in painful jaw and joint issues.

Open Bite

An open bite develops when certain teeth cannot physically contact the opposing teeth to form a normal bite. It is most commonly caused by a genetic abnormality in the jaw structure or excessive thumb-sucking. An open bite can result in poor or uncomfortable chewing and speech problems. It can lead to more severe disorders, such as temporomandibular joint dysfunction (TMJ).

Crowded Teeth

Tooth crowding happens when there isn't enough room in the jaw for all teeth to fit correctly. When left untreated, overcrowded teeth can worsen over time, resulting in severely crooked teeth. This crowding can cause plaque buildup, tooth decay, and a higher risk of gum disease.


Crossbite occurs when the upper and lower jaws are misaligned. It causes one or more upper teeth to bite against the inside of the lower teeth and can occur on both the front and sides of the mouth. This can cause tooth wear, gum disease, and bone loss.

Non-Invasive Methods to Correct Malocclusion

Although more severe cases of malocclusion may require dental surgery (such as jaw surgery), numerous non-surgical bite correction treatments are more common:

1. Night Guards

Do you suffer from bruxism (tooth grinding)? If so, your dentist may offer a night guard, a custom-made plastic dental appliance that fits over your upper or lower teeth. Night guards are typically worn as you sleep. The goal is to lessen the wear and tear on your teeth caused by grinding, which will help correct a problematic bite.

2. Tooth Reshaping

When teeth are fairly well aligned but still do not contact ideally, tooth reshaping may be the best non-surgical bite correction option. Rough or uneven teeth can be filed down to equally distribute the pressure of your bite over all of your teeth. The dentist asks you to bite down on a piece of coated paper between your upper and lower teeth. 

3. Orthodontics

Orthodontists are typically the ones who cure malocclusions. Dental braces, orthodontic retainers, and other dental appliances gradually shift teeth into the desired position. This process can take anywhere between 12 and 24 months. Teeth alignment issues are easier and faster to treat if addressed early on. Dental braces are more popular in children and adolescents since their jaws are still developing and their teeth are simpler to shift. However, this does not rule out the possibility of orthodontic treatment for adults! It simply indicates it may take a little longer.

4. Replacement and Reconstruction

This involves restoring any worn or damaged previous dental work, such as a tooth filling. It also includes using dental bonding or a dental crown to repair cracked, damaged, or severely decayed teeth. The goal is to generate healthy teeth of the appropriate size and shape. 

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Tooth pain can be common, often attributed to sensitivity or minor dental issues. However, certain signs accompany toothaches that may indicate more serious underlying problems requiring prompt attention. Ignoring persistent pain can lead to complications, so it's crucial to recognize these signs. Let's delve into the indicators that your toothache might be more than a passing discomfort.

1. Intense throbbing pain

A throbbing ache in your tooth, unrelated to eating, could signal a tooth infection. When bacteria invade the tooth's pulp, which houses nerves, blood vessels, and connective tissue, it can lead to a severe, throbbing pain. Untreated infections pose risks of spreading to other parts of the body.

2. Sore or clicking jaw

Consistent jaw pain or clicking when you open your mouth might be a sign of temporomandibular joint disease (TMJ). This condition can result from teeth grinding, clenching, arthritis, or hereditary factors. Seeking professional advice can help address TMJ issues, and in severe cases, masseter reduction surgery may be recommended.

Plus, if you have a severe TMJ, you may also need a masseter reduction - a treatment used to reduce jaw muscles that often get bigger if you have severe TMJ disorder.

3. Mouth dryness

A dry mouth can exacerbate dental problems as saliva helps protect against bacteria. Some medications induce dry mouth, creating an environment conducive to bacterial growth. Difficulty in speaking, swallowing, or spitting may accompany dry mouth.

4. Loose tooth

Tooth discomfort coupled with a loose sensation may indicate advanced gum disease or periodontal disease. Swift action is crucial to address this condition. A loose tooth can also result from untreated cavities or dental decay.

5. Dull and constant pain

Frequent, persistent toothaches may indicate an underlying issue, possibly foreign substances trapped in the gums. Thorough flossing can alleviate discomfort if the pain is localized to one area and is accompanied by swollen or irritated gums.

6. Swollen jaw or neck

While some swelling is normal after dental surgery, unexplained swelling in the jaw or neck alongside tooth pain may indicate a dental abscess. This infection can lead to the accumulation of pus and bacteria, posing risks of spreading to adjacent areas.

7. Pressure sensation

Tooth discomfort accompanied by a pressure sensation could suggest problems with wisdom teeth. As these molars grow between ages 16 and 23, complications may arise, especially if they grow at an angle, potentially causing infections or decay.

8. Chipped tooth

Any tooth can chip, but lower second molars are commonly affected due to the pressure they endure during chewing. Ignoring a chipped tooth may result in increased sensitivity and chronic toothaches, as the exposed roots and nerves make the mouth highly sensitive.

9. Visible decay or dark spots

If you notice visible signs of decay or dark spots on your teeth, it could indicate advanced dental issues. Decay may progress to the point where it affects the nerves, leading to persistent pain. Addressing decay promptly through dental intervention can prevent further complications.

10. Pain aggravated by chewing or biting

Toothaches that intensify when chewing or biting down may suggest issues with the tooth's structure, such as cracks or fractures. These structural problems can expose sensitive nerves, causing heightened pain. Seeking dental evaluation can help diagnose and address the underlying structural issues.

11. Pain radiating to the ear or head

If your toothache is accompanied by pain radiating to the ear or head, it could indicate a more complex problem, such as an infected tooth affecting surrounding areas. This type of referred pain may necessitate comprehensive dental treatment to address the root cause.

12. Unpleasant taste or odor

If you experience a persistent unpleasant taste or odor in your mouth along with tooth pain, it might indicate an infection. Oral infections can release bacteria and toxins, leading to a foul taste or odor. Addressing the infection promptly through dental care can help alleviate both the discomfort and the unpleasant taste or smell.

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Maintaining dental hygiene is not just about having a bright smile; it's also crucial for overall health and well-being. In this article, we'll explore the top 10 benefits of good dental hygiene and why it's essential to prioritize oral health.

Prevents Tooth Decay and Cavities:

Regular brushing, flossing, and dental check-ups help remove plaque and bacteria that cause tooth decay and cavities, keeping your teeth strong and healthy.

Reduces Risk of Gum Disease:

Good oral hygiene prevents the buildup of plaque and tartar, reducing the risk of gum disease. Gum disease, if left untreated, can lead to gum recession, tooth loss, and even systemic health issues.

Freshens Breath:

Brushing and flossing remove food particles and bacteria that cause bad breath, keeping your breath fresh and your mouth feeling clean.

Prevents Tooth Loss:

Maintaining good dental hygiene practices can prevent gum disease and tooth decay, ultimately reducing the risk of tooth loss and the need for costly dental treatments like dental implants or dentures.

Boosts Overall Health:

Oral health is linked to overall health, with studies suggesting that poor dental hygiene may contribute to various systemic conditions such as heart disease, diabetes, and respiratory infections. By taking care of your teeth and gums, you can help protect your overall health.

Enhances Self-Confidence:

A healthy, beautiful smile can boost self-confidence and self-esteem, leading to improved social interactions and professional success. When you feel good about your smile, you're more likely to smile more often and radiate confidence.

Saves Money on Dental Care:

Preventive dental care, such as regular cleanings and check-ups, is generally less expensive than treating dental problems that arise due to poor oral hygiene. Investing in preventive care can save money on costly dental treatments in the long run.

Improves Digestion:

Chewing is the first step in the digestion process, and maintaining healthy teeth and gums allows you to chew food properly, aiding in digestion and nutrient absorption.

Supports Overall Well-Being:

Good oral hygiene contributes to overall well-being by promoting better nutrition, reducing the risk of infection, and supporting mental and emotional health.

Sets a Positive Example for Others:

By practicing good dental hygiene habits, you set a positive example for your family, friends, and community, encouraging them to prioritize their oral health as well.


Maintaining dental hygiene is essential for preserving oral health, preventing dental problems, and supporting overall well-being. By brushing and flossing daily, visiting your dentist regularly, and adopting other healthy habits, you can enjoy the numerous benefits of good dental hygiene and smile confidently for years to come.

About Marielaina Perrone, DDS

Dr. Marielaina Perrone is a highly experienced dentist dedicated to providing quality dental care to her patients in Las Vegas and Henderson, NV. She has over two decades ofmarielaina-perrone-dds-dentist-henderson-nv-150x150.jpg 300w, 1024w, 768w, 1536w, 2048w" alt="marielaina perrone dds las vegas nv" width="150" height="150" data-uw-rm-alt-original="marielaina perrone dds las vegas nv" data-uw-rm-alt="ALT" /> expertise and is committed to personalized treatment plans tailored to individual needs and preferences. Dr. Perrone’s compassionate approach creates a comfortable atmosphere for her patients, promoting oral health and overall well-being.

Dr. Perrone stays up-to-date with the latest advancements in dentistry and believes in continuing education to deliver the best possible care. Beyond her practice, she volunteers her time and expertise to charitable organizations in her community.

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Exploring the Pros and Cons of Dental Bridges

Dental bridges have long been an effective technique for restoring smiles and functioning for people who have lost teeth. This dental technique uses dental crowns to attach a prosthetic tooth (pontic) between two existing teeth. While dental bridges have many benefits, they also have a couple of drawbacks. In this article, we'll delve into the pros and cons of dental bridges to help you make an informed decision about this standard dental restoration option.

Pros of dental bridges

Aesthetic improvement

Dental bridges may dramatically improve the overall appearance of your smile. The pontic, made of porcelain or ceramics, closely resembles natural teeth. This makes it a popular alternative for people who want a smooth, natural-looking solution to cover the gap created by missing teeth.

Restored functionality

Dental bridges help restore normal oral functionality, including eating and speaking. The prosthetic tooth maintains perfect alignment and prevents adjacent teeth from sliding into the gap, providing a balanced and efficient bite.


Dental bridges are often less expensive than dental implants, making them an appealing choice for people on a tight budget. Bridges are a practical alternative for many because of their price and ability to restore both function and looks.

Quick and non-invasive procedure

Bridges are often less time-consuming and invasive than other tooth replacement solutions, such as dental implants. This procedure involves preparing the abutment teeth (near natural teeth) for crowns and fitting the customized bridge. This efficiency may be especially tempting for people searching for a quick solution.

Proven track record

Dental bridges have been essential to restorative dentistry for decades, and their success rate is well documented. When properly cared for, they can last a decade or more, making them a practical and long-lasting replacement option for lost teeth.

Cons of dental bridges

Risk to adjacent teeth

One of the major disadvantages of dental bridges is the requirement to prepare neighboring teeth for crowns. This procedure includes removing some of the enamel from these healthy teeth, which can increase the risk of sensitivity and decay over time.

Limited longevity

Dental bridges can be durable however they don't last as long as dental implants. Bridges usually last between 5 to 15 years, depending on oral hygiene, eating habits, and choice of materials. This means that people may need a bridge replacement procedure at some time in their life.

Potential for decay and gum disease

Maintaining oral hygiene is critical with dental bridges. The area that lies beneath the pontic might be challenging to clean, which can lead to plaque and bacteria accumulation. Neglecting appropriate dental care can lead to deterioration of supporting teeth and gum disease.

Potential for complications

Dental bridges can have complications however they are not common. These can include problems like bridge loosening or detaching, abutment tooth fractures, and gum discomfort. Regular dental check-ups are critical for detecting and addressing possible issues early on.

Not suitable for all cases

Dental bridges may not be the best option for everyone. In cases where numerous neighboring teeth are lost, the bridge may not offer enough support. Moreover, alternate solutions such as dental implants may be more effective for people with specific oral health issues or low bone density.

The bottom line

Dental bridges provide a practical option for people dealing with the issue of losing teeth by striking a balance between appearance, functionality, and cost-effectiveness. However, like any dental procedure, they have advantages and disadvantages. Before deciding on a dental bridge, you should contact a knowledgeable dentist who can evaluate your situation, offer alternative options, and help you make an informed decision based on your oral health needs and preferences. Remember that proper oral hygiene practices and frequent dental check-ups are critical to the long-term effectiveness of any dental restorations.

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When Should Wisdom Teeth Be Removed?

Wisdom teeth, sometimes known as third molars, are frequently medically removed. Learn whether it is suitable to remove wisdom teeth and what to expect during the procedure.

Wisdom tooth growth can cause various issues ranging from overcrowding and pain to shattered back molars and migraines. Most dentists and oral surgeons recommend that wisdom teeth be extracted before you develop these issues. If you do not remove wisdom teeth before encountering problems, it is recommended that you do so at the first sign of trouble.

Everyone's wisdom teeth develop at a different pace. As a result, providing an accurate schedule for when they should be deleted is practically impossible. Most people go through wisdom teeth extraction between 17 and 25. But this is only sometimes the case. Some people will need wisdom teeth out at 14 or 15, while others may be able to wait until they are 25 or 30.

How to Tell If It's Time to Remove Wisdom Teeth

Your dentist will most likely take x-rays of your whole mouth every year. These X-rays are used to detect cavities and other dental problems but also to track the growth of your wisdom teeth.

Your dentist will initially be able to tell if you have wisdom teeth based on the X-rays. Not everyone develops wisdom teeth. The presence of wisdom teeth will be revealed via X-rays.

When it is determined that you have wisdom teeth, your dentist will monitor their development. The X-rays will show your dentist how your wisdom teeth are growing, whether they are impacted by the gum, and whether they are fully matured. All of these considerations will influence whether or not you should schedule oral surgery.

Is There a Better Time to Have Wisdom Teeth Removed?

Oral surgeons frequently prefer to remove wisdom teeth before the roots of the teeth have fully grown. The procedure becomes more complicated when the roots form, and healing time increases. Eliminating the teeth before the roots grow reduces the chance of complications and allows you to heal faster.

The age at which wisdom teeth roots fully grow varies from person to person. However, it is most common between the ages of 14 and 18.

Is It Ever Too Late to Get Wisdom Teeth Removed?

Even while it is often suggested that you have your wisdom teeth removed as an adolescent, this is not a legal obligation. Wisdom teeth can be extracted at any age.

If you have your wisdom teeth removed at an older age, you may experience difficulties. When your wisdom teeth are extracted, the older you are, the more likely you are to have infections, dry sockets, and slower healing.

What Happens During Wisdom Tooth Extraction Surgery?

An oral surgeon will usually remove wisdom teeth as an outpatient procedure. To relax you, a general anesthetic is delivered. Because you are put in such a calm state that you are virtually sleeping, the general anesthetic makes it easier to execute this lengthy treatment. You will have no recollection of the procedure once it is completed.

If the teeth are impacted, the oral surgeon will create a small incision along the gum line to provide access to the wisdom teeth during the treatment. There is no need to create an incision because they are already above the gum line. The wisdom teeth will then be divided into four little portions. To make removal easier, the tooth is sliced into parts. If the tooth is severely affected or the roots have fully developed, some jawbone may need to be removed.

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What to Do If My Tooth Is Broken?

It's scary when a tooth breaks. The damage might develop due to an impact on your face or your daily life. Fortunately, there is no need to fear because mending a fractured tooth is simple if you visit a competent dentist immediately. However, if you have a cracked tooth, the information below will be helpful for you.

What Are the Causes of Broken Tooth Pain?

Your teeth, like your hands or fingers, are a body component. As a result, if you sustain an injury to any part of your body, you will surely feel pain. Similarly, if you play contact sports and experience an impact on your mouth that breaks your teeth in two, you will feel pain that can cause you to panic.

It is also possible to sustain a fractured tooth as a result of general wear and strain on your teeth from daily life. If you enjoy crunching on hard foods like candy or ice, you can get a fractured tooth. Problems such as bruxism, which causes teeth grinding and jaw clenching, can potentially harm your teeth. Because your tooth enamel weakens and breaks over time, you might expect pain from the damaged tooth.

How Can You Tell If Your Tooth Pain Is Caused by a Broken Tooth?

You will most likely experience dental pain as soon as the tooth breaks. For example, sudden pain when eating extremely hot or cold meals may suggest that you have a damaged tooth. You may also suffer pain when chewing food with a broken tooth.

What to Do If Your Tooth Splits in Half

If your tooth has fractured in half, call your dentist's office immediately to schedule an appointment. Ignoring a fractured tooth is not advised since your health may deteriorate and the tooth may become infected.

The infection could start in the dental pulp and extend to the gums and bones. If you can't go to your dentist immediately, you can keep up with your regular dental hygiene routine, carefully brushing the fractured tooth gently.

Do not leave the damaged tooth untreated because your oral bacteria attack the tooth quickly. Instead, go to an emergency dentist near you right away for treatment.

What Are the Possible Treatments for Broken Tooth Pain?

The sooner you see an emergency dentist, the more likely you will save the tooth. The dentist will examine the broken tooth and determine the best way to salvage it. Some treatment options available to dentists for a damaged tooth are listed below.

You may not need extensive repair if you have lost some tooth enamel or have a damaged filling. Instead, the dentist may replace the filling or bind the tooth with tooth-colored composite resin bonding material.

If only a little bit of your tooth is damaged, your dentist may propose dental fillings or a dental crown to safeguard the remaining portion of the tooth.

If you have a significant fracture, your dentist may recommend endodontic surgery to remove the broken piece of the tooth and safeguard the dental pulp.

If you resist treatment and the fracture extends to the dental pulp, you may need a root canal or tooth extraction.

Breaking your teeth in half is terrifying and makes you believe you'll need a costly new tooth. Fortunately, dentists provide various treatment choices for tooth restoration. However, you should have the tooth assessed soon to achieve the best possible outcome. Delaying therapy or neglecting the problem will result in tooth loss and the need to replace them with dentures, bridges, or implants.

How Can I Keep My Teeth From Breaking Off?

It is not difficult to keep your teeth from breaking off. Assume that you are conscientious about your oral hygiene practices and make regular appointments with your dentist for checkups and cleanings. In that situation, your dentist can offer preventive measures to help you avoid ever dealing with a damaged tooth.

Dentists, for example, advocate against using your teeth to bite on things like ice or hard candies and wearing mouthguards if participating in sports that have the potential to harm your mouth. Furthermore, teeth grinding and jaw clenching treatments necessitate the use of custom night guards to prevent your teeth from contacting each other while sleeping.

As a result, if you follow the preventive measures prescribed by your dentist, you can comfortably avoid a situation that causes tension and requires the assistance of emergency dentists.

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Teeth grinding, scientifically known as bruxism, might seem harmless, but it can significantly impact your health. While some consequences are short-term, many individuals face more severe long-term issues, some of which could become permanent if left untreated. Addressing short-term concerns promptly is crucial, as they can escalate into more painful and lasting problems. Seeking medical guidance at the earliest signs of teeth grinding is not only about preserving your enamel and teeth and safeguarding your facial appearance. Teeth grinding is often induced by stress that impairs a lot of functions in a human body that affect their health and aesthetics. So if you don’t address it as the initial issue, not only you may find your oral health deteriorating but also need to resort to hair loss treatment or fixing other problems caused by stress. Read on to learn more about the eight most common effects of prolonged teeth grinding:

1. Damaged teeth

Extended teeth grinding often results in flattened teeth with a uniform, squared-off appearance. The friction gradually erodes the enamel on the biting surfaces, causing teeth to shorten and wear down. Untreated grinding intensifies these consequences, potentially leading to severe outcomes. It's worth noting that dental work, including fillings and crowns, can also fall victim to grinding, necessitating replacements.

2. Altered facial appearance

A noteworthy impact of long-term teeth grinding is the hypertrophy or enlargement of the masseter muscles, which can give the jaw a bulkier, more masculine appearance. This effect is particularly undesirable for female patients. The application of Botox for masseter muscle reduction can help slim down the jawline, contributing to a more feminine facial contour and appearance.

3. Tooth sensitivity

Chronic grinding wears away the protective enamel layer of your teeth. This exposes the inner layers to oral bacteria, acids from food, and plaque, inviting cavity formation. The resultant cavities create pathways for temperature sensations to reach the nerves, making consuming certain foods and beverages a potentially uncomfortable or painful experience.

4. Headaches and jaw pain

The relentless pressure exerted during grinding in your sleep, averaging 49 minutes to an hour, exerts more than 250 pounds of force per square inch. This force can rival that needed to crack open a tough nut. Such prolonged strain on the jaw muscles leads to discomfort, pain, and, often, headaches that recur daily, usually occurring first thing in the morning.

5. Receding gums

Gum recession is a common consequence of teeth grinding due to the excessive force on the gums. This pressure can lead to the separation of gums from teeth, forming pockets that harbor oral bacteria and food debris, potentially resulting in periodontal disease. This infection damages the gum tissue, leading to diminished support for your teeth and a decrease in the underlying bone's volume and density.

6. Tooth loss

Severe teeth grinding can escalate to a point where teeth detach from the jaw. This detachment, coupled with the weakening of the tooth structure, increases the risk of dislodging a tooth from its socket.

7. Speech impediments

Teeth grinding can contribute to problems with speech, such as unclear articulation, slurred speech, and altered pronunciation patterns. The root cause lies in malocclusion from grinding your teeth at night or during the day.

8. Digestive concerns

Enamel erosion exposes the dentin and roots of your teeth, affecting your ability to chew food properly. Inadequate chewing can lead to an accumulation of stomach acid, triggering issues like heartburn, acid reflux, and indigestion.

The bottom line 

If you grind your teeth daily, getting help from professionals is critical to avoiding a variety of problems with your teeth, looks, speech, and digestion. Most disorders associated with tooth grinding are long-term and demand thorough, often expensive therapies. To avoid unnecessary issues, it is advisable to address the issue as soon as possible. Remember that maintaining your oral health affects your overall well-being in addition to protecting your smile.

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Is Whitening Teeth At Home Safe for You?

In pursuit of a snow-white smile, people are ready to go to great lengths as long as it brings a quick result and is not expensive. But such methods often harm the teeth. Not everyone is ready to go to the dentist because of fear but they still want to get that ideal white smile. Home whitening causes a lot of controversy. What actually lies behind home teeth whitening?

Many of us dream of a beautiful smile because white teeth look beautiful, bring status, and attract the attention of others. A snow-white smile gives a person confidence. But not everyone is blessed with perfect teeth; under the influence of various factors, the shade of the teeth can change over time. In order to restore the white color of the tooth, many resort to the whitening procedure.

Today there are two ways to whiten teeth – professional and at-home whitening. Everyone wants to get the result quickly and at no extra cost, which is why many decide on home teeth whitening. But is it of high quality, and how much will it help to maintain the effect?

Advantages and Disadvantages of Home Whitening

Home whitening has its pros and cons. The most important advantage is the low cost compared to a similar service in dentistry. In addition, it is convenient, since you do not need to waste time visiting the dentist. You may try to find one by Googling “best orthodontics nyc”.

The main disadvantage of whitening teeth at home is the low efficiency. If professional whitening makes the enamel lighter by 10-12 tones, then home whitening will help lighten teeth by 2-3 tones. Another disadvantage of home whitening is the side effects: enamel destruction, increased tooth sensitivity, mucosal irritation, gum burns, and allergic reactions.

Moreover, at-home teeth whitening can be dangerous since the procedure is carried out without prior preparation and determination of the individual characteristics of the tooth enamel, which can cause complications.

The Types of Home Whitening

To date, there are 3 main methods of home whitening:

  • Pharmaceutical preparations.
  • Home remedies.
  • Professional home whitening.

Pharmaceutical preparations for teeth whitening are represented by the following popular types:

  • Whitening strips that need to be glued to the teeth daily for two weeks.
  • Whitening pencils, where it is necessary to squeeze out the whitening gel from the felt-tip pen and apply it to each tooth.
  • Tooth whitening pastes contain abrasive substances that remove plaque.

Alternative methods of teeth whitening have the following options:

  • Hydrogen peroxide.
  • Baking soda.
  • Tea tree oil.
  • Activated carbon.

Professional home teeth whitening involves Glo teeth whitening kits with individual caps and gel. This method is developed by a dentist in a laboratory based on casts of teeth, but you need to put on and wear gel caps at home on your own.

Contraindications to Home Teeth Whitening

Home teeth whitening has its contraindications:

  • Pregnancy and lactation.
  • Age up to 18 years.
  • Tooth decay and inflammation of the gums.
  • Allergy to components.

Affordable price, ease of action, and quick results are the criteria by which many try to choose teeth whitening at home.

The bottom line

Teeth whitening is a completely safe procedure, but only if it is carried out according to all the rules. With excessive exposure (depending on the type of whitening, which can be mechanical or chemical) the enamel of the teeth can become thinner. However, with moderate exposure, teeth whitening does not threaten anything.

However, in most cases the result of the home procedure is insufficient. In addition, such whitening may not be safe and the weak effect achieved will not justify the harm done to the teeth. Improper whitening of teeth at home can cause various dental diseases, and already existing problems with teeth will only aggravate the situation. Before home whitening, you should consult with a specialist.

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Because crowns are one of the most popular restorations people require for their teeth, most dentists are frequently asked, "Do I need a crown?" It's a reasonable issue, considering crowns can cost hundreds of dollars even with insurance.

They are commonly recommended since a dental crown is often the greatest option for extending the life of a tooth for years to come. However, there are treatment options that can postpone the need for a crown. When a new dentist proposes several crowns, you should proceed with caution.

Here are five things to ask your dentist before getting a crown:

1. Show me and tell me why a crown is needed.

It is conceivable that your tooth is cracked if it hurts when you bite down. A cracked tooth is a significant issue that usually necessitates the use of a dental crown. The fracture in a cracked tooth, unlike a broken bone, will not mend.

Vertical fissures that extend to the gum line may necessitate a full-coverage crown. If the break extends below the gum line, the tooth may need a root canal, crown lengthening, or even extraction.

However, be sure the tooth is shattered and not "crazed." Craze lines are common and harmless. Almost every adult back tooth has a craze line. These are just stress lines, and they may not always indicate the presence of a crown.

Because craze lines do not damage the structural integrity of your tooth, you have several alternatives for repairing them. The least intrusive of options is whitening, which can fade the crack stains and drastically minimize their visibility.

However, craze lines with deep stains or that are particularly long may indicate a growing crack.  Request an inter-oral image or a handheld mirror from your dentist to see the crack.

2. What are my options?

While a crown is one option in some circumstances, there may be others. Instead, you might have a filling. However, remember that a filling does not preclude the need for a crown in the future. Furthermore, if a significant section of your tooth requires filling, a crown is usually a superior alternative because fillings do not provide the same level of protection as crowns. Furthermore, if the filling is excessively large, it might cause the tooth to crack, rendering it irreparable.

3. What are the implications of waiting?

  1. Nothing will happen. There are small chances, but sometimes you can wait as long as you want.
  2. The tooth may chip; a simple repair is possible. It could also crack and require a crown.
  3. In rare circumstances, waiting may necessitate a root canal.
  4. The tooth could split, necessitating crown lengthening or extraction.

These are the kinds of topics your dentist should be prepared to discuss with you.

4. Is a Root Canal needed?

Most crowns do not require root canals. A root canal is not required if a tooth is not diseased or intensely irritated.

5. Does an old, really large silver filling mean I need a crown?

A crown may be required if a silver filling is more than two-thirds the breadth of the tooth. The small amount of tooth left in an old filling like this can deteriorate. It is all up to you. Choose a crown if you want to be proactive and keep it from cracking.


A toothache should not be ignored. If you've been experiencing persistent tooth discomfort, make an appointment with your dentist. Remember that skipping a tooth crown when you need one can lead to a cracked or damaged tooth and a more serious case of tooth decay.

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Cosmetic dentistry has grown in popularity in recent years as an increasing number of people want to improve the appearance of their teeth. With developments in dental technology, a wide range of cosmetic dentistry procedures are now available to address a variety of oral issues. In this article, we will explore eight common cosmetic dentistry procedures that you should be aware of, providing you with a comprehensive understanding of the options available to enhance your smile.

1. Teeth whitening

Among cosmetic dental procedures, teeth whitening is one of the most popular. Our teeth may become stained or discolored over time due to various factors such as aging, cigarette smoking, or consuming particular foods and drinks. Teeth whitening procedures help restore your teeth's natural brilliance, giving you a brighter smile. Professional teeth whitening techniques, such as laser whitening or custom-fitted trays, provide more effective and long-lasting effects than over-the-counter remedies.

2. Dental veneers

Dental veneers are thin, custom-made shells that are attached to the front surfaces of teeth. They are the perfect choice for teeth with minor flaws like chips, cracks, or yellowing. Veneers can also be used to improve the look of misaligned or irregularly shaped teeth, resulting in a more natural and visually acceptable outcome. Dental veneers can last for many years if properly cared for, making them an attractive option for smile makeovers.

3. Dental implants

Dental implants are deemed one of the best methods of restoring lost teeth. They are made of titanium posts that are surgically implanted into the jawbone to serve as prosthetic tooth roots and a dental crown that looks and serves as a tooth. Implants give a strong foundation for crowns or bridges to be attached to, resulting in a natural-looking and effective tooth replacement. Dental implants, as opposed to dentures, are a permanent treatment that can dramatically improve the look and functionality of your teeth.

4. Dental crowns

Dental crowns, often known as caps, are tooth-shaped covers that cover severely decaying or broken teeth. Crowns not only improve the tooth's look but also provide strength and protection. They are designed to match the color and form of your natural teeth, ensuring that they blend seamlessly into your dentition. Dental crowns may restore a tooth's functioning while also improving its aesthetics, making them an adaptive cosmetic dentistry option.

5. Invisalign

Invisalign is an attractive alternative to traditional braces for people looking for solutions to align uneven teeth. Clear, removable aligners are used in Invisalign to reposition your teeth into perfect alignment gently. This discrete orthodontic treatment is comfortable to use and provides easy oral hygiene maintenance. Because of its simplicity and near-invisibility, Invisalign has grown in popularity, making it an appealing option for both adults and teenagers.

6. Dental bonding

Dental bonding is a cosmetic technique used to fix teeth that have been broken, fractured, or discolored. It involves shaping the damaged tooth using a tooth-colored resin to restore its original form and color. Dental bonding is a quick and inexpensive remedy for minor dental flaws that produce instant improvements. While bonding is not as long-lasting as veneers or crowns, it might be a good alternative for people wanting to improve their smile on a budget.

7. Gum contouring

Gum contouring, also known as gum reshaping, is a cosmetic dentistry procedure that means the removal of extra gum tissue to enhance the look of a "gummy" smile. Dentists may create a more harmonious and visually appealing smile by carefully reshaping the gums. Gum contouring can also be combined with other cosmetic dental operations, such as veneers or crowns, to produce the best results.

8. Full mouth reconstruction

The term "full mouth reconstruction" refers to a comprehensive treatment plan that incorporates numerous cosmetic and restorative procedures to change a patient's smile totally. This extensive procedure is tailored to each individual's specific needs, dealing with concerns like missing teeth, gum disease, misalignment, and worn-out dental work. Full mouth reconstruction requires thorough preparation and teamwork among several dental professionals, resulting in a completely restored and revitalized smile.

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Bridges made using modern technologies have a fairly long service life. However, after a while, they require correction or replacement. How do you  behave if the bridge loses fixation and starts to stagger? How do you know when it's time to change crowns? Let us dwell on the moments of care and replacement of bridges and crowns, which will help maintain the result of prosthetics for a long time.

Why Сan a Dental Bridge Wobble?

The non-removable type design includes crowns mounted on abutment teeth and one or more artificial teeth between them. The prosthesis restores both the ability to chew and the appearance of a smile. The service life of the dental bridge depends on the characteristics of each clinical situation. The following factors matter:

  • Hygiene 

Brushing twice a day is a must. You should also floss your teeth and rinse your mouth thoroughly to prevent food debris from collecting under your dentures. It is worth using an irrigator – a device that has proven itself for hygiene at home. Professional cleaning in the dentist's office should be done twice a year.

  • The quality of the supporting units

The teeth are prepared before prosthetics.  They are ground, and if necessary, de-pulped. If the bridge staggers, this may indicate the development of secondary caries under the crown or partial destruction of the cement connecting the crown to the tooth tissues.

  • Gum health

The condition of the tissues surrounding the abutment teeth affects the stability of the prosthetic structure. Swelling, redness, and bleeding gums indicates the development of the disease. Such symptoms require a visit to a specialist and treatment.

  • Changes in the structure of the jaw

Over time, changes occur in the bone tissue. Bridges replace the visible portion of teeth that are missing roots. With all the advantages, the method cannot resist bone atrophy. The gums and the jaw gradually decrease in size. A prosthesis that no longer fits the gums and jaw loses its stability and requires relining.

If the bridge has become mobile, you should immediately contact a specialist. The doctor will be able to determine the causes and take adequate measures depending on each situation.

Treatment of abutment teeth, gums, strengthening of the structure, or its replacement is carried out according to individual indications. Timely contact with the dentist will help to solve problems in the early stages and extend the life of prosthetics.

When Is It Time to Change a Crown or Bridge?

Careful care and regular dental check-ups are essential to the long life of crowns and bridges. Due to individual characteristics, this period may be different for each patient. The main signs that indicate that the design needs to be replaced are the following:

  • A toothache under a crown

Soreness can occur with pressure or have a constant, aching, pulsating character. It is possible to develop caries in the abutment tooth or nerve inflammation if it has not been removed.

  • The gums are inflamed

The tissues that surround the abutment teeth and come into contact with the prosthesis can become inflamed and painful. It is possible to spread the infection and rub the gums with a prosthesis.

  • Food remains to get stuck inside

The situation suggests that the bridge does not fit snugly, and a gap has appeared in which plaque accumulates. The cause may be gum recession, gingivitis, or periodontitis.

  • There is a mobility of the structure

The crown or bridge has lost its fastening strength. Ignoring this process can lead to breakage of the prosthesis and loss of teeth.

  • The contour of the face has changed

Patients notice that the lower jaw has protruded forward, and it also takes more effort to bite and chew food. This indicates that the prosthesis has ceased to perform its functions and needs to be replaced.

If one or more signs appear, you should contact your dentist to check the fixation of the prosthesis, the condition of the gums, and the teeth under the crowns. Timely replacement of the structure is a measure necessary to maintain the health of the supporting units and the entire dentoalveolar system.

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If you're considering getting braces or are already wearing them, there are a few things you should know about straightening your teeth. Orthodontic treatment consists of more than just wires, brackets, and elastics. There are numerous fascinating orthodontic facts to learn, such as why tooth straightening is now easier than ever. Read on for some of the most fascinating facts about teeth straightening you should be aware of.

1. Wires used in braces were originally created by NASA

You may be aware that wires in certain braces contain nickel titanium. In fact, NASA developed this alloy with the purpose of employing it in the space program. These small, incredibly elastic, and flexible wires used in orthodontic equipment are activated by body heat and can retain their shape after being bent and bonded to the teeth.

2. First braces were created almost three centuries ago 

The first documented braces were created in 1728 by Pierre Fauchard, commonly regarded as the Father of Dentistry. These braces were made of flat metal that was threaded onto the teeth. Later, in the 20th century, as humanity gained a better understanding of malocclusion, dentist Edward Angle created more sophisticated and contemporary orthodontic tools, including brackets.

3. All orthodontists are dental specialists 

Only around 6% of dentists are orthodontists, yet all orthodontists are dentists. An orthodontist is a dental specialist focused on the prevention and treatment of dental abnormalities, such as an incorrect bite. It's essential to finish an additional two to three years of study from a recognized orthodontic residency program after graduating from dentistry school to become an orthodontist.

4. Some of the first attempts to straighten teeth have been found in Ancient Egypt 

Despite the fact that braces weren't invented until the early 18th century, people have always yearned for a healthy and aesthetically pleasing smile. Archaeologists think that the use of animal intestine cords, which resemble the wire seen in modern braces, to wrap around the teeth of several mummies was one of the first attempts to straighten teeth in ancient times. 

5. It’s essential to wear retainers afterward 

Your commitment to wearing a retainer after completing the treatment will dictate how well your results will hold up over time. Unfortunately, over 25% of individuals who have worn braces must undergo the procedure once again due to not using their retainers as they should have. Their teeth often return to their natural, misaligned positions as a result. Hence, wearing your retainer is essential to keep your teeth straight and attractive.

6. Braces have no age restrictions 

Think again if you believe that the best time for getting braces is your teenage years and you're no longer eligible for orthodontic treatment as an adult. In fact, the American Association of Orthodontists reports that a majority of those wearing braces are in their 50s, 60s, and 70s, and around one in five orthodontic patients are adults. This implies that orthodontic treatment can benefit everyone, including children, their parents, and even grandparents.

7. Millions of Americans are undergoing orthodontic treatment right now

According to the American Association of Orthodontists, 4 million Americans are now using braces or another type of orthodontic appliance to correct their teeth. Additionally, 75% percent of individuals undergoing treatment are under the age of 18.

8. There are plenty of myths surrounding braces 

It's safe to say that a great deal of the myths you have heard about braces are untrue. You should be aware that metal detectors won't detect braces, braces cannot be locked when kissing, and they do not interfere with radio signals. Braces won't make you more likely to get struck by lightning. Also, while wearing braces, you may still perform musically and take part in athletic activities safely and productively.

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An unsightly smile can have a significant negative influence on your life. Veneers are a common procedure in dentistry that helps patients achieve the smile of their dreams. There are a few things concerning veneers that you should be aware of before deciding to undergo the procedure.

1. Getting veneers is an irreversible process 

If you choose veneers, you should be aware that the procedure is permanent. In order to attach the veneer to your tooth, your dentist will need to prepare your teeth by removing some of their protective layer. Hence, you would always have to have your teeth protected going forward.

2. Sometimes they can be used instead of braces 

The versatile nature of veneers is one of their most amazing attributes. Veneers are capable of changing your tooth's size, color, shape, and in certain cases, even the way your teeth are spaced. Veneers can be an excellent alternative to orthodontic treatment for minor gaps. Discuss your particular reasons for wanting veneers with your dentist. They will make sure that all of your needs are met and that you receive the right kind of treatment.

3. Veneers can be made from different materials 

Not everyone will benefit from the same type of veneer. Your dentist will be able to assist you in selecting the best veneer material for you based on the required strength and your financial situation. For instance, direct composite veneers are less expensive than porcelain veneers but have the disadvantage of being less robust and stain-resistant. However, if you only want a minor restoration or opt for a material that isn't as durable as porcelain, direct composite veneers may be the way to go.

4. You don’t have to get veneers for all of your teeth 

It's not necessary to have veneers for every tooth. Your dental specialist is more than able to make your veneers perfectly resemble your healthy teeth in both shape and color, giving you the smile of your dreams.

5. Finding a skilled dentist is very important

It takes an equal amount of art and science to install veneers correctly. Hence, making sure you have the best and most experienced dentist is really important. Always make sure your dentist has years of expertise and superior clinical skills.

6. The veneers procedure involves some discomfort 

You shouldn't experience any kind of pain during the veneer procedure, although you could feel a bit sore afterward. Your gums will need to heal around the veneers since they may become sensitive during the bonding process. The soreness ought to be effectively alleviated by over-the-counter painkillers.

7. Veneers are a long-lasting option 

Although veneers are a long-lasting investment, they eventually need to be replaced. They must be changed every 10 to 15 years. Some veneers are more durable and will last longer than others. Your veneers will last the longest possible if you take appropriate care of them. Make sure to have your veneers examined during your routine cleanings and check-ups to make sure they remain in decent condition.

8. You'd have to wear temporary veneers for some time

Veneers are not created in a single day. Your dentist will have a temporary set of veneers ready for you to wear while the permanent ones are being manufactured in a lab. You will need to schedule a second visit when your veneers are done so that your dentist may firmly attach them to your teeth.

9. Veneers should be considered an investment

It costs money to have veneers. Insurance typically doesn't cover veneers since they are a cosmetic procedure. Although the price of veneers may surprise some, they will help you have the smile of your dreams. They represent a financial investment in your confidence.

Consult your dentist if you're thinking about having veneers. They are an excellent cosmetic choice to help you get the smile you've always desired. Your dentist will be able to address any additional questions you may have during your consultation.

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All On Four Dental Implants: Pros and Cons

A missing tooth can affect your appearance and self-confidence. Also, it can cause a variety of problems ranging from sagging lips to crooked bites. Traditional options like dental bridges or implants do not necessarily work effectively for everyone. And all-on-4 dental implants can become another potential solution for improving your smile.

You may lose your teeth for multiple reasons, like aging, gum disease, weak teeth, nutrition, or sickness. But before you choose the type of treatment, you should find out a little bit more about all-on-four dental implants.

What are ‘all on four’ dental implants?
Dentures are not suitable for every mouth. Some patients choose a more durable, long-term solution to replace missing teeth. All-on-four dentures are held in place by a mix of implants and prostheses.

Dentists can replace an entire arch using this procedure. They will drill four holes in the jawbone for implants secure. Then the porcelain crowns are placed on the implants to simulate natural teeth. Each implanted post can support multiple prosthetic teeth. This gives you a complete set of teeth without the need for dentures.

Benefits of ‘all on 4’ dental implants
Realistic look and feel. ‘All on 4’ dental implants will look and feel like your natural teeth. You may need some time to adjust, but soon enough you will forget that you have implants. Over time you will notice in all your new photos your happy and bright smiling face.

Eat and drink with pleasure just like before the tooth loss. You had to avoid hard and crunchy foods since they may shatter a cap, or feared eating in public without anyone noticing that your teeth are different from theirs. With ‘all on four dental implants’, you won’t have to worry about any of that again.

Short timing. The implant and cap procedure can be performed quickly. You won't have to wait months or years to replace one tooth at a time. With all-on-four implants, you can have all of your teeth replaced at once after the implant sites have healed.

Less invasive than some other methods. For example, when one tooth is put adjacent to another, bone grafting may be required. This can be extremely painful and demands an extended recovery time. And ‘all on four’ implants are less painful. 

No rubbing. Dentures might seem stable, but even with the strongest glue, there is some movement. This friction generates rubbing, which can cause oral pain and make eating and speaking difficult.

The downside of ‘all on-four implants
No individual teeth. The teeth cannot be unique, no matter how real your ‘all on 4’ implementation feels. Each implant is accompanied by a number of porcelain caps. This can be a strange sensation for some people, especially during flossing.

Tenderness and discomfort. An implant process, unlike dentures, includes drilling into the gums and jawbone. During the healing process, you may feel persistent pain and discomfort. Tenderness goes away, but in the first few days after surgery, it can be too painful to speak or chew.

Learning to speak. Though there is a learning period with all-on-four implants, they eventually will feel like your natural teeth. At first, you may find it challenging to speak after the surgery, but it'll become easier with practice.

Potential rejection. Not every implant is compatible with the gums and bone. So, implant rejection is possible, however, is extremely rare.

Even with the few potential cons associated with all-on-4 dental implant surgery, the benefits are plentiful. If you’re not sure it’s a good fit for you, speak to your dentist or orthodontist.

Despite potential disadvantages, the benefits of all-on-four dental implants exceed the risks. Problems may exist, but the confidence and satisfaction that a properly functioning set of teeth will bring you are worth it.

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Why Does a Tooth Hurt After Filling?

Usually, we don’t expect to feel pain after getting dental fillings. However, cases, when a tooth hurts under a filling, are not uncommon. You shouldn't panic. It’s necessary to analyze the situation - the duration, intensity of discomfort, and the features of the therapy.

In case of any pain that bothers you, it’s a good idea to contact your dentist. But why does the pain appear? First, let’s find out all the possible causes.

What May Be the Causes of Pain after Dental Filling

This process is often stressful for a patient because it is associated with pain and discomfort. It’s normal. The discomfort after the procedure can last several hours, sometimes several days (up to a week). It can appear when the jaws are closed, during chewing, and also regardless of movements. The nature of the pain can be either dull or throbbing. All these manifestations are normal, and over time should recede on their own.

If this does not happen, the reasons for this may be the following factors:

  • The seal is installed incorrectly. For example, it may be too high, which causes discomfort when chewing, closing the jaws, and pressing them. In this case, the problem is solved quite simply and quickly - it needs to be reduced in height and there is no need for re-sealing;
  • The filling material does not adhere tightly to the enamel, which remains unprotected from external influences. As a rule, the solution in such a situation is re-filling;
  • It rarely happens but during the opening of the tooth cavity, performing other dental procedures, its tissues (pulp, root canals) were injured;

A medical error may also lie in the fact that the doctor did not notice or ignored any pathology of the tooth, and sealed it without first having performed proper treatment.

In the last two cases, the methods for fixing the problem can be completely different depending on the situation. Only a dentist should develop a strategy for dealing with the problem.

But it happens that the pain does not go away for a long time or occurs after some period after the installation of the filling. Moreover, from this moment it can take several weeks, months and even years.

Why Your Tooth May Hurt Under the Old Filling

Accompanying symptoms will help to identify the causes of this trouble:

  • Pulpitis. Its main symptoms are acute pain of a pulsating nature. This problem occurs if nerves were preserved in the tooth;
  • Chronic pulpitis. Sometimes the inflammatory process of the nerve bundle of the tooth proceeds not with severe pain, but with a weak one. It appears with pressure, closing the jaws, and typically doesn't last long. In the chronic form, pulpitis can also pass beyond the acute stage, which the patient ignored and eliminated its symptoms with painkillers. The absence of acute pain is not a sign that the root cause has receded. The disease continues to progress, and sooner or later the patient will have to treat the tooth in which it occurs;
  • Inflammatory process at the tops of the roots. It is usually accompanied by dull pain, which is aggravated by closing the jaws. Sometimes the sensations are not painful but are manifested by a feeling of fullness, and pressure inside the tooth. Inflammation can develop due to improperly sealed canals, poorly installed fillings, violations of the integrity of tooth tissues, and many other reasons.
  • Low-quality filling material. You can suspect this problem by the reaction of the tooth to sour, sweet, hot, and cold food and drinks.
  • Seal shrinkage. Over time, the filling material can shrink, starting to put pressure on the pulp. As a result, it irritates the nerve endings, causing pain. Usually, it is sharp and pronounced. In this case, you need to see a doctor as soon as possible to install a new filling, and, if possible, save the neurovascular bundle (leave the tooth “alive”);
  • Loosening of the filling, the appearance of gaps between it and dental tissues. For various reasons (decay, loose sealing between the filling and the tooth), dental tissues can wear out and gradually collapse. The seal becomes mobile, which causes the nerve endings to react to it. The symptoms are similar to those that appear in the case of its shrinkage;
  • Worn filling material. Years later, it may lose its ability to protect the tooth, which often leads to the development of various diseases in it.

What If the Tooth Hurts under Temporary Filling?

Usually, it is installed during the treatment of the tooth so that it is protected from external influences between visits to the doctor. The causes of discomfort are also associated with tissue trauma, which is the norm.

Another reason why there is pain under a temporary filling is the effect of a medicine that is placed in the tooth cavity. Often it acts directly on the pulp, which reacts to it.

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Why Your Tooth May Hurt after Filling?

It is quite typical that if we have a toothache, we go to the dentist and get a filling if required. Usually, after the procedure, the pain goes away. But sometimes the discomfort and pain stay or even get worse. What does it mean? Is it dangerous? Does it mean that the dentist’s work was of poor quality? First, let’s see why your tooth may hurt and when feeling a little discomfort is normal.

Pain after Filling - Normal or Not?

It seems that when a filling is placed, the pain should immediately go away. But it’s not always the case. A slightly sore tooth after filling is considered a normal response to treatment. For example, when a tooth hurts under a temporary filling, this is normal, and a permanent filling will solve the problem. Even immediately after anesthesia, there can be some discomfort immediately after anesthesia, but it goes away rather quickly.

If the pain persists for a long time and appears when biting or eating hot and cold food, something may have gone wrong. Home the dentist for this. In addition to a medical error, the matter may be in the doctor's decision to keep the tooth alive.

Medical Errors That May Cause the Tooth Pain after Filling

Toothache after applying a filling often occurs with such medical errors:

  • Overdrilling. This happens if the clinic does not use dental optics or a special caries marker, and the doctor plays it safe and removes not only the affected but also a bit of healthy tissue. In this case, you can feel some discomfort when chewing.
  • Overheating. The rotor of the drill that removes the enamel is actively heated. When such equipment is not equipped with a cooling system, its temperature must be closely monitored by the dentist. If this moment is missed, the overheating of the tooth and the development of pulpitis are possible.
  • Dryness of the tooth. Before placing a filling, the dental tissue must be dried. But overdrying is also possible; in this case, the filling material can become a little loose. It also causes pain when biting.
  • Errors in canal treatment. If a microscope and a modern endodontic instrument are not used in its course, then it is more difficult to process the dental canals with high quality. Sometimes fragments of the tool remain in the channel. And they can provoke inflammation and toothache.

But you don't have to worry when you have a toothache under a temporary filling during a phased endodontic treatment. This is normal.

It’s not always the doctor’s fault if discomfort remains after the filling installation. A good dentist will try to preserve the neurovascular bundle, the tooth's nerve, by relying on conservative treatment. But sometimes, the pain after such therapy does not go away, and it is necessary to carry out depulpation and put on the seal again.

By the way, it is even easier for a doctor to remove the nerve immediately. But there are better options for the tooth. Without a neurovascular bundle, the tooth is dead: it no longer receives the necessary nutrition, becomes less durable, and may change color. Therefore, the dentist is trying to use any chance to keep the tooth alive.

What to Do if the Pain Doesn’t Stop?

If discomfort occurs after the anesthesia wears off and subsides, it’s normal.

If the pain remains for a long time or intensifies, it is necessary to do the following things.

  • Contact your doctor;
  • Describe in detail what is bothering you;
  • Listen to recommendations and stick to them;
  • If the pain does not go away, make an appointment with your doctor.
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32 Teeth: Need or Whim?

Teeth - a very important "set of spares" of our body. They perform an aesthetic role, grind food, and participate in the formation of speech, making it clearer and cleaner. Why nature identified 32 teeth in a person, and what function each of them performs? You need to know this not just because of idle curiosity, but in order to correctly assess the importance of caring for your little helpers. After all, the state of your health and mood, in general, depends on them.

Ways of Teeth Development

The first tooth appears in a baby when it reaches 6 months, and all baby teeth grow to about the age of 3. At the age of 6–7, they begin to fall out gradually and new, already permanent teeth grow in their place. At the age of 14, you should have 28 such permanent teeth.

The last four teeth appear from the age of 18-25. These are very problematic wisdom teeth. They grow in all people in different ways. Some become owners of all four wisdom teeth at once, others may only grow one or two, and there are people who don’t get wisdom teeth at all.

Differences Between Teeth

The teeth differ in structure and function. The largest number of teeth for a specific function is the 12 molar teeth, the surface of which has grooves for chewing food. The presence and, if necessary, timely restoration of the chewing teeth plays a big role in ensuring the normal functioning of the digestive organs.

After all, they thoroughly chew food, which ensures its proper absorption in the stomach, intestines, etc. In addition to the molars, there are 8 more of their assistants - the premolars, which tear and grind food. Fangs (4 of them) stick into the food, tearing pieces from it, and 8 front incisors with a sharp cutting edges directly bite off food.

Why Exactly 32?

The number of teeth that we have today was clearly measured in the course of evolution. Ancient people had to chew on coarse food and raw meat, so they needed all these teeth. Today, experts say that for chewing modern food, which has become softer, 20–22 teeth are enough for a person.

Therefore, it is often possible to hear the recommendations of dentists, especially foreign ones, about the "thinning" of teeth in childhood, so that the rest grow more freely and do not deteriorate.

However, quite recently, Austrian scientists have proved that the nerves in the roots of each of the 32 teeth are connected in an appropriate way with the same number of nuclei of the brain, the hypothalamus, which regulates the work of many organs and body systems. Therefore, when chewing, a mechanical effect on these organs occurs, and the disease of a tooth can lead to problems with the “sponsored” liver or, for example, the kidneys.

Regular check-ups at a dental office will cause much less hassle than the urgent treatment of acute toothache. Today, most dental clinics provide a whole range of dental services in the shortest possible time in order to identify and solve problems you may have. It is essential to understand that without timely and proper treatment, many dental issues can progress and lead to the development of severe complications. 

Therefore, we must take care of the health of all our teeth, protect them from injuries and diseases, carry out appropriate prophylaxis, and constantly use not only a toothbrush and toothpaste but also additional means - dental floss, elixir, and rinses. It is very important not to forget about the visit to the doctor every six months. 

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When considering cosmetic dentistry, most people envision a Hollywood smile with sparkling white teeth. While teeth whitening is a popular and successful aesthetic procedure, cosmetic dentistry is much more than that. 

Did you know that changing the appearance of your smile typically enhances its function as well? Cosmetic dentistry may even boost your mood and self-esteem! Here is a list of seven facts about cosmetic dentistry you should know about

1. Cosmetic dentistry is extremely old

Cosmetic dentistry is not a new field. Cosmetic dental procedures have been around since the ancient Romans used ivory and bone dentures to repair lost teeth. Around 700 BC, the Etruscans of the Roman Empire adopted this technique. They even discovered a way to shape actual gold into filings.

2. Cosmetic dentistry can promote your teeth's health and function

If left neglected, functional dental problems might progress to aesthetic issues. Untreated cavities, for example, can eventually lead to tooth loss. If you have a cavity, tooth-colored fillings might help you avoid subsequent problems, such as tooth loss. Long-term tooth loss can cause a variety of health problems, including

  • TMJ discomfort
  • Loss of facial bone (which causes the face to look sunken)
  • Periodontal disease
  • Chewing difficulties

If you already have lost teeth, procedures, including implants, crowns, bridges, and dental bonding, will improve your smile's appearance while restoring function.

3. Cosmetic dentistry can manage tooth sensitivity

Indeed, cosmetic dental procedures can decrease tooth sensitivity when nothing else appears to work. Veneers can be used to conceal the exposed enamel that is causing sensitivity and pain. Veneers are thin porcelain strips that can not only minimize sensitivity but also whiten and brighten your smile.

4. Soda consumption is the most likely cause of tooth discoloration and decay

Most people are aware that soda is not the healthiest beverage to drink on a daily basis, but it is far worse than they know. Soda is also bad for your teeth, and it is one of the primary causes of decay and discoloration.  According to studies, people who drink three or more sodas daily had 62% more tooth decay than those who drink fewer. 

Anyone who drinks soda on a regular basis should carefully consider cutting back. Tooth-colored composite resins are frequently used in cosmetic dentistry to treat tooth decay. If the damage is serious, a root canal or crown may be required.

5. Teeth whitening is extremely effective

It could seem impossible for teeth whitening to work so well. While certain treatments, such as home whitening strips and paints, may not provide stunning results, a professional whitening procedure at a dentist may whiten your teeth by up to ten shades. To remove stains and return your teeth to a whiter, cleaner, and more attractive hue, a cosmetic dentist will use a laser whitening procedure.

6. Cosmetic dentistry might help you avoid future dental problems

A lost tooth impacts more than just a great smile; it can lead to major complications. A gap in your teeth can influence the way you bite and eat over time, eventually shifting the way your mouth rests in a resting posture. Regardless of where the tooth is placed, it can impact your overall oral health.

A dental implant will repair the spacing difficulties produced by a lost tooth and help you avoid future complications that might be costly. In other words, a relatively small investment today can save you thousands afterward.

7. Cosmetic and restorative dentistry are frequently used in tandem

Dental bonding, crowning, and bridging are all procedures that may repair and improve your smile. Many cosmetic dental procedures restore the glow, fullness, and proportion of your smile while also repairing, protecting, and strengthening broken, damaged, or rotting teeth. A qualified cosmetic and restorative surgeon can help you get a flawless natural smile by restoring your damaged teeth.

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The Connection Between Obesity and Gum Disease

Maintaining a healthy weight for your body type is important for a variety of reasons. I'll add one more now: Being overweight may increase your risk of developing periodontal disease, a cluster of dangerous gum infections that, if left untreated, can cause bone loss and other ailments.

According to an analysis of the available data published in the Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care in 2020, gum disease, which is often brought on by inflammatory conditions, affects obese people more frequently and shows "a growing trend and a link with various comorbidities." The review comes after ten years of study connecting obesity-related periodontal disease.

Additionally, a 2017 study indicated that people with a body mass index (BMI) of 23 or higher had lower oral health than "normal weight" participants and were 4.2 times more likely to have severe gum disease. The results were published in the journal Oral Diseases. Participants who were overweight also had greater levels of white blood cells and C-reactive protein, two indicators of inflammatory blood conditions. 5.9 times as likely as participants who were of medium weight to have the periodontal disease were obese people with BMIs of 25 or above. A total of 166 participants participated in the study.

Understanding BMI Ranges

It is significant to remember that the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the United States classify a healthy BMI range as 18.5 to 25. Overweight is defined as a BMI of 25 to 30; obesity is defined as a BMI of 30 or above. Then, BMIs of 30 and higher are divided into various categories of obesity severity. The CDC includes an adult BMI calculator for people over 20 years old if you're curious about your BMI.

It's critical to remember that BMI is only a screening tool if your BMI falls into one of the ranges that is deemed harmful. Your healthcare professional can assist you in doing any extra assessments and evaluating your general level of health.

Obesity and Inflammation

Obesity contributes to the body's inflammation, which has long been linked to gum disease. This fact is widely acknowledged by medical professionals.

Numerous diseases, including cardiovascular disease, many malignancies, and periodontal disease, have inflammation as a root cause. There is a logical relationship there as obesity is a risk factor for several of these illnesses. It’s essential to address the problem as soon as possible. Since it’s not easy to treat it by itself, you need to visit a weight loss clinic

Over time, there has been more and more proof that being overweight causes inflammation. According to a review study from 2020 that was published in Frontiers of Physiology, obesity-induced adipose tissue enlargement offers a variety of intrinsic signals...capable of starting the inflammatory response.

Periodontal Disease and Inflammation

It has been demonstrated that inflammation brought on by obesity de-regulates the immune system.

An immune-mediated infection, periodontal disease is contagious. So, compared to other people, obese persons are likely to be more vulnerable to the bacteria that cause cavities and gum disease.

Why Periodontal Disease Is Dangerous

It's critical to maintain proper oral hygiene and healthy weight because periodontal disease has been related to a number of illnesses, including a higher risk of stroke and heart disease. According to a study published in Oral Diseases, the interaction between obesity and gum disease may increase the risk of cardiovascular disease in overweight or obese people.

In addition to causing tooth loss, periodontal disease has been related to rheumatoid arthritis. Therefore, it is always a good idea to prevent risk factors including smoking, bad nutrition, diabetes, and, yes, overeating.

The lesson to be learned from this is that the body is interconnected and that, in many respects, the mouth is a window into one's overall health.

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