oral health (9)

Oral probiotics, which are made up of specific bacterial strains, are essential for maintaining good oral health. Your mouth, like the gut, contains a complex bacterial population known as the oral microbiome. These probiotics promote the growth of helpful bacteria while preventing the spread of harmful or pathogenic bacteria.

Read on so that you can discover more about the twelve benefits of oral probiotics that might not be common knowledge:

1. Targeted application

The most effective way to take oral probiotics is directly into the mouth. There are several ways to accomplish this, such as chewable tablets, milk, probiotic drinks, and lozenges.

2. Strengthening immune system

By fortifying the immune system of the mouth, oral probiotics contribute positively to overall health. However, it is essential to note that while oral probiotics enhance oral health, regular check-ups with your dentist remain crucial.

3. Prevention of cavities

Cavities, or dental caries, result from bacterial colonies known as plaque that accumulate on teeth, feeding on sugar molecules and releasing acids that erode enamel. Oral probiotics aid in preventing cavities by boosting oral immunity, producing antibacterial compounds, preventing harmful bacteria from adhering to teeth, and altering saliva quality to enhance enamel remineralization.

4. Combatting gingivitis and periodontitis

Gum diseases such as gingivitis and periodontitis can have severe consequences if left untreated. Oral probiotics contribute to reducing plaque below the gum line, lowering the gingival index, and decreasing pocket depth, helping combat gum diseases effectively.

5. Addressing candidiasis/oral thrush

Oral candidiasis, characterized by white spots on the tongue due to an overgrowth of the candida fungus, can be alleviated with dietary changes and high-quality oral probiotics.

6. Halting halitosis/bad breath

Effective probiotics have been shown to lessen volatile sulfur compounds (VSCs) responsible for bad breath. Unlike many mouthwashes that eliminate both healthy and harmful bacteria, oral probiotics specifically target the microbes contributing to foul breath.

7. Reducing respiratory infections

Oral probiotics, especially in children, have demonstrated the potential to lower the incidence of respiratory infections. Clinical trials have shown a significant reduction in the chances of children developing respiratory tract infections with the use of oral probiotic supplements.

8. Enhancing nutrient absorption

Oral probiotics contribute to improved nutrient absorption within the oral cavity. By fostering a balanced oral microbiome, these probiotics create an environment conducive to efficient nutrient utilization, positively impacting overall health.

9. Alleviating dry mouth

Dry mouth, often caused by a reduction in saliva production, can lead to various oral health issues. Oral probiotics may help alleviate dry mouth symptoms by promoting optimal saliva production, contributing to better oral hydration, and reducing the risk of dental problems.

10. Supporting orthodontic health

For individuals with orthodontic appliances such as braces, oral probiotics offer additional support. These probiotics assist in maintaining a healthy oral environment, reducing the risk of plaque accumulation around braces, and supporting gum health during orthodontic treatment. Incorporating oral probiotics into the oral care routine can complement the efforts of those with orthodontic devices.

11. Minimizing oral inflammation

Oral probiotics play a role in minimizing inflammation within the oral cavity. By promoting a balanced microbial environment, these probiotics help regulate the inflammatory response, reducing the likelihood of issues such as swollen gums or other inflammatory conditions.

12. Enhancing immune system response

A robust immune system is crucial for overall health, including oral health. Oral probiotics contribute to the strengthening of the immune system within the mouth, helping to fend off harmful bacteria and infections. By fortifying the body's defense mechanisms, these probiotics provide an additional layer of protection against oral health issues.

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Periodontal disease, commonly known as gum disease, is a prevalent oral health issue affecting millions worldwide. This condition can lead to various problems, from gum inflammation to tooth loss, impacting overall well-being. Fortunately, advancements in dental science have introduced innovative solutions for managing and preventing progression of periodontal disease, one of which is Periogen. In this article, we will explore the significance of Periogen in maintaining healthy gums and managing periodontal disease.

What Is Periodontal Disease?


Periodontal disease refers to a range of inflammatory conditions that affect the supporting structures of teeth. It typically manifests in two primary forms:

  1. Gingivitis: This is the mildest form of gum disease and is characterized by redness, inflammation, and bleeding of the gums. Gingivitis is often a precursor to more severe forms of gum disease.
  2. Periodontitis: If gingivitis is left untreated, it can progress to periodontitis. This condition involves the breakdown of the bone and tissues that support the teeth. It can result in gum recession, tooth mobility, and even tooth loss.

Signs and Symptoms

Common signs and symptoms of periodontal disease include:

  • Gum bleeding: Bleeding gums when brushing or flossing.
  • Swollen or red gums: Inflammation and/or discoloration of the gums.
  • Bad breath (Halitosis): Persistent bad breath despite good oral hygiene.
  • Gum recession: Gums pulling away from the teeth.
  • Tooth sensitivity: Increased sensitivity to hot and cold foods/liquids.
  • Tooth mobility: Loose teeth due to loss of bone support.

When to Seek Professional Help

If you experience any of the signs and symptoms mentioned above, it is essential to seek professional dental care promptly. Early intervention can prevent the progression of gum disease and more severe complications like tooth loss.

Causes and Risk Factors

The development of gum disease is typically influenced by various factors, including:

  1. Poor Oral Hygiene: Inadequate brushing and flossing can lead to the accumulation of plaque and tartar, contributing to gum disease.
  2. Smoking and Tobacco Use: Smoking is a significant risk factor for gum disease and can hinder the success of treatment.
  3. Genetics: Some individuals may be genetically predisposed to gum disease.
  4. Health Conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as diabetes, can increase the risk of gum disease.
  5. Medications: Some medications can affect oral health, contributing to gum problems.
  6. Hormonal Changes: Hormonal fluctuations, such as those during pregnancy or menopause, can increase susceptibility to gum disease.
  7. Stress: High-stress levels can weaken the body's immune system, making it harder to fight off gum infections.

Diagnosis and Treatment

Early diagnosis and intervention are crucial in managing periodontal disease. A dentist or periodontist can diagnose gum disease through a thorough examination. Common treatments may include:

  • Scaling and Root Planing: A deep cleaning procedure to remove tartar and bacteria from below the gumline.
  • Medications: Antibiotics or antimicrobial mouthwashes to control infection.
  • Surgical Procedures: In severe cases, surgical intervention may be necessary to repair damaged tissues and bones and give you best chance for sucess.


Preventing periodontal disease is the most effective approach to maintaining healthy gums. Key preventive measures include:

  1. Oral Hygiene: Brushing teeth at least twice daily and flossing daily to remove plaque and food particles.
  2. Regular Dental Check-Ups: Routine dental visits for professional cleanings and early detection of gum issues.
  3. Healthy Diet: A balanced diet rich in nutrients is essential for gum health.
  4. Tobacco Cessation: Significantly reducing gum disease risk is possible by quitting smoking and tobacco use.

Periogen: An Innovative Solution

Periogen is a unique oral health product designed to enhance gum health and prevent the development of periodontal disease. This innovative solution offers an alternative or complementary approach to traditional gum disease prevention and management.

Periogen - An Innovative Approach


Periogen is formulated to address a key contributing factor to gum disease: the accumulation of tartar and calculus on tooth surfaces. When you don't remove plaque through proper oral hygiene, it hardens into tartar, and only professional dental cleanings can remove it. If left untreated, tartar can irritate gums and contribute to gum disease.

Periogen primarily aims to reduce tartar formation on teeth, thus preventing gum disease. By effectively breaking down tartar, it helps maintain healthier gums and a more vibrant smile.

Are You a Candidate?

Periogen is a suitable option for individuals looking to enhance their gum health and prevent periodontal disease. Whether you're seeking to improve your current oral care routine or require additional support in preventing tartar buildup, Periogen can be a valuable addition to your dental care.

How to Prepare

Incorporating Periogen into your oral care routine is straightforward. Replace your regular mouthwash with Periogen's oral rinse and follow the instructions. It's a convenient and effective way to promote gum health.

Risk Factors

Periogen is safe to use, and adverse reactions are rare. However, if you have any concerns about potential allergies or sensitivities, consult your dentist or healthcare provider before using Periogen.

Before and After Procedure

After using Periogen as part of your oral hygiene routine, you can expect a reduction in tartar buildup on your teeth. Your gums are likely to appear healthier, with less redness and inflammation. Periogen contributes to preventing the development of periodontal disease, ensuring that your oral health remains in optimal condition.


Periodontal disease is a common oral health issue with potentially severe consequences. Preventing and managing gum disease is paramount in maintaining healthy gums and overall well-being. Periogen offers an innovative solution for individuals seeking to enhance their gum health and reduce the risk of periodontal disease. By addressing tartar buildup, Periogen helps promote healthier gums and a brighter smile. Consider incorporating Periogen into your oral care routine to take proactive steps in preserving your gum health and preventing gum disease. Consult with your dentist to determine if Periogen is the right choice for you.

About Marielaina Perrone, DDS

Dr. Marielaina Perrone, DDS, is a distinguished dental professional dedicated to enhancing smiles and transforming lives. With over two decades of expertise, she has become a beacon of oral health excellence in the field of dentistry. Dr. Perrone is a proud graduate of Stony Brook University School Of Dental Medicine and has completed advanced training in cosmetic dentistry, implant dentistry, and orthodontics.

Her unwavering commitment to staying at the forefront of dental advancements ensures that her patients receive the highest quality of care. Dr. Perrone is known for her personalized treatment plans, crafted with a gentle and compassionate approach, tailored to meet each individual's unique needs and preferences.

Outside the dental clinic, Dr. Perrone passionately explores the world, enjoys quality time with her family, and indulges in her love for cooking. Her altruistic nature extends beyond her professional realm, as she generously donates her time and expertise to various charitable organizations in her community.

Dr. Marielaina Perrone, DDS, is not just a dentist; she is a dedicated smile architect committed to bringing joy, confidence, and lasting oral health to her patients.

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Sinus issues can lead to a whole host of unpleasant symptoms, from headaches to post-nasal drip to congestion to a runny nose. Sometimes sinus pressure can even lead to a unique type of tooth pain that affects multiple teeth at once. When that happens, it can be distracting enough to become all you can think about.  If you’re currently experiencing tooth pain due to sinus pressure, you’re more than likely looking for any solution to this unpleasant issue that you can find. You’ll be happy to know that you’ve come to the right place. We’ve created this simple guide with everything you need to know about the connection between tooth pain and sinus pressure and what you can do to put an end to it.
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How To Clean and Sterilize Retainers?

Is it essential to clean retainers every day? The answer is yes. Just like you brush your teeth every day, retainers also demand an equal amount of care. Dentists generally recommend wearing retainers after removing the braces. It plays a crucial role in holding the teeth in their right places. 

You see, retainers sit inside the mouth and against the teeth. This position makes them vulnerable to bacteria breeding, tartar, and plaque formations. Wearing dirty retainers can lead to several health issues. Therefore, we have outlined some essential tips to clean your retainers. Keep reading on to know more about it.

When should you Clean your Retainer?

Dental experts recommend that the ideal time to clean the retainers is before going to bed. Overnight soaking will also help in removing the build-up. Moreover, wearing dirty retainer throughout the night can leave harmful deposits on it. Although you should wash your retainer daily, here are some prominent signs that it needs immediate sterilisation. 

  • When you start experiencing bad odour or taste in your mouth
  • When you notice a white or cloudy deposit on the surface of the retainer
  • If you notice that the retainer is about to break or crack
  • When you start developing dental issues like inflamed gums, tooth sensitivity, or cavities
  • When the retainer gives you an uncomfortable fit

How to Clean your Retainers?

Here are a few simple tips for cleaning your retainer. 

  • Brushing – The first method is cleaning the retainer gently with a soft-bristled toothbrush. Ideally, dentists recommend cleaning retainers every time you brush your teeth. You can also take a denture brush to gently scrub away the debris and plaque from the surface of the retainer. Apart from this, you can also use a cotton swab to clean the ridges and grooves.  However, make sure you pick a non-whitening toothpaste for your retainers to prevent damages from bleaching agents. 

  • Dunking in Mouthwash – Once you have gently scrubbed all the deposits, it is time to dunk your retainer in mouthwash. You can do this process on your bathroom counter itself. All you need to do is, take a fluoride-free mouthwash and dip your retainer for 3-4 minutes. Rinse it with clean, cold water to avoid staining. 

  • Anti-Bacterial SprayPeople who are in a public place or do not have enough time to clean their retainers traditionally can go for this method. You can consult an expert dentist at a recognised dental hospital for the best anti-bacterial spray brand for you. It is one of the easiest and quickest ways to clean retainers on the go. 
  • Baking SodaBaking soda has always been a popular go-to hero ingredient for sterilising retainers. It combats stinks, stabilises pH level naturally, removes stains, and helps in rebalancing your oral microbiome. It also plays a crucial role in disinfecting the retainer sans any harsh chemicals. Make a paste of baking soda and water. Gently scrub it on the retainer with the help of a soft-bristled brush. Wash it off with cold water and your retainer is ready to pop in. 
  • Vinegar – Vinegar is one of the most effective and affordable cleaning agents in the world. It is a common household ingredient that eradicates odour and disinfects surfaces. The best thing is, this ingredient can do wonders in cleaning your retainer as well. Just mix some white vinegar with an equal amount of warm water and leave you retainer in it for 20 minutes. Take a soft-bristled toothbrush to gently scrub off the residue. 

  • Castile Soap – It is also a very useful ingredient to clean and sterilise your retainer. Just mix some castile soap in warm water and soak your retainer in it for 2 minutes. Clean the retainer with a soft-bristled toothbrush and then soak in distilled water. 

These were some simple tips to clean and sterilise your retainers. Make sure you avoid exposing the retainer to high heat. You should also avoid using chemicals in this process. Moreover, soaking is crucial in every method. So, make sure you never skip it. 

Apart from this, checking the appearance of your retainers from time to time is also essential for your oral health. Last but not least, consult your dentist if you notice any swelling, redness, or pain in your mouth. You might need to replace the retainer. Good luck.


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Foods and drinks you consume daily have a great impact on your teeth and gums. It is essential to understand that a healthy diet can help keep your teeth and gums strong while junk food can lead to the development of tooth decay, gum disease, and many other oral issues. 

In addition to a healthy diet, you should also maintain proper oral hygiene and visit a dentistry clinic on a regular basis. All these preventive measures may help you avoid many negative consequences. In this article, we have gathered nine dangerous foods and drinks that can worsen your oral health.

1. Coffee

Many people think that coffee is a perfect remedy for sleepiness and tiredness, but you should know that it can significantly affect your teeth. Regular coffee consumption can make your teeth look dark and stained. Additionally, coffee is an acidic drink that softens your tooth enamel and makes it more vulnerable to negative impact. 

2. Dried fruits

Even though dries fruits can be deemed as a healthier substitute for candies, they can still ruin your teeth. The reality is that dried fruits often contain a lot of sugar that contributes to tooth decay. That’s why it is better to replace them with fresh fruit or nuts if you want to have a bite.

3. Sticky cookies

Sticky foods, especially cookies, can also worsen your oral health. They usually linger in your mouth and create a perfect environment for bacteria. These bacteria produce acids that affect your gums and tooth enamel. Try to avoid sticky foods or at least rinse your mouth with water after their consumption.

4. Sweet soda

Sweet soda is double trouble for your oral cavity. Most kinds of soda water contain acids and sugar that wear out your tooth enamel and lead to bacteria overgrowth. If you are thirsty, it is better to drink sparkling water or green tea instead of sweet soda. 

5. Hard candy

In addition to the huge amount of sugar in hard candy, they can lead to tooth fracture and gum injuries. The main thing is that they are solid and many people bite them. If the candy is too hard, it can cause a crack in the tooth enamel and you can also puncture a gum with a sharp piece of candy. 

6. Tomato sauces

Tomato sauces contain a lot of sugar and acids. This means that regular consumption of tomato sauces can thin your tooth enamel and lead to the development of tooth decay. Try to replace tomato sauces with white sauces or hard cheese. 

7. Citrus fruits

Even though citrus fruits are full of vitamin C that is essential for your health, it is better to limit their consumption since they are extremely acidic. You should also know that it is not recommended to brush your teeth immediately after the consumption of acidic foods since you can scratch the softened tooth enamel. 

8. Potato chips

Potato chips are an extremely tasty snack that can affect your teeth as well. Potatoes are full of starch that turns into sugar in your mouth. Additionally, pieces of chips can get stuck between your teeth and feed on bacteria. 

9. Alcohol

Alcohol can contain sugar and lead to dry mouth. If you have insufficient salivation, food particles, plaque and bacteria remain in your mouth. That’s’ why it is essential to stay hydrated especially if you consume alcohol.

The bottom line

If you want to avoid oral disease, it is better to avoid or at least limit the consumption of the aforementioned foods and drinks. But you should also maintain proper oral hygiene and don’t skip regular dental check-ups.

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Out of all ailments that influence oral wellbeing, tooth boil is one of the most painful conditions and can cause incredible distress. The pain generally will in general be throbbing and continuous, making it hard to try and eat or drink.

Diagnosis of tooth abscess

A tooth canker is a bacterial infection that prompts a discharge pocket arrangement in the gums. It happens when microscopic organisms infect the tooth hole and cause the gum tissues to corrupt.

Three most normal sorts of tooth ulcer:

  • Periapical abscess - This type of sore happens in the tooth's root, in the alveolar bone.
  • Gingival abscess - This infection influences the gum tissue lining the teeth, causing the gums to expand and pain.
  • Periodontal abscess - The sore is framed in the gum pockets, where microscopic organisms can develop and conceivably spread to the surrounding tissue.

Symptoms of Tooth Abscess

A tooth sore is very painful, and you may feel a sharp pain in your gums or close to the influenced tooth. Following are a couple of different manifestations you may understand:

  • Swollen gums
  • Fever
  • Awful breath
  • Trouble in eating or drinking
  • Eagerness
  • Foul preference for the mouth
  • Increased tooth affectability
  • Pain over the ear, neck, or jaw

Reasons for Tooth Abscess

As per our West Des Moines Dentist, the absence of good oral cleanliness makes your mouth inclined to a ton of microorganisms. It is the main source of most oral sicknesses, including dental plaque, which can prompt a tooth sore.

Tooth rot - Poor oral wellbeing and unfortunate food decisions can cause dental plaque, further leading to tooth rot. Whenever left untreated, tooth rot can cause tooth boil.

Gum infection - Infection in the gum, gum tissue, or in the pockets between the teeth and the gum can likewise prompt a tooth canker.

Infection after dental treatment - Infections after dental strategies like root trenches, inserts, and extractions can cause tooth abscess.

Treatment of Tooth Abscess

Your dentist will initially assess the pain and seriousness of the boil and afterward accordingly propose treatment. The condition, if not serious, could be treated with anti-toxins. In any case, if anti-infection agents come up short, the following strategy would be a root trench to spare the tooth. In the event that the root waterway additionally ends up being ineffective in removing the infection, and if the infection returns, or if the state of the tooth is outstandingly terrible, your dentist should get your tooth extricated.

Prevention of Tooth Abscess

Maintaining great oral wellbeing is the way to stay away from tooth canker. Following are a couple of accommodating tips to keep this condition from occurring:

  • Settle on solid dietary decisions
  • Maintain a strategic distance from sweet and boring nourishments
  • Floss and brush your teeth normally - in a perfect world, two times per day
  • Visit your dentist in any event once at regular intervals
  • Utilize a fluoride toothpaste

Follow great oral cleanliness and be standard with your dental appointments for legitimate dental consideration. In the event that you are looking for the best dentist in West Des Moines, connect with our master dentists at the Plaza Dental Group.

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Myths About Root Canal

There are many myths about a root canal, in this article, we will explain everything about root canal and some common myths about the root canal.

Toothache is a type of pain that even the strongest of us can’t bear. If it persists for a long time, a small decay may have progressed to something more severe.

It is best to visit your dentist to have it checked.

If your tooth is less damaged your dentist might suggest a number of procedures but if a tooth is severely damaged you will be advised a root canal. A root canal is a procedure that involves removing the damaged area of the tooth (the pulp), cleaning and disinfecting it, and then filling and sealing it.

Here are some common myths and facts about a root canal procedure.

  • It is painful – the only sensation that you might feel is that of a syringe prick which is used to induce local anesthesia. The entire procedure is done under the influence of anesthesia, which means that you won’t feel any pain during a root canal and of course nothing in comparison to what a damaged tooth causes every now and then.
  • Requires many visits to the doctor – The entire procedure for one tooth can be completed in 1-2 sittings.
  • Pulling the tooth out is a better option – Keeping your natural teeth for as long as possible is very important for proper eating and chewing functions. A root canal helps you save your natural teeth by simply removing the infected pulp and sealing it.
  • A root canal is not required if there is no pain – Many teeth that need root canal therapy will not cause pain. Your dentist is the best judge. In some cases, you might see swelling near the damaged tooth. This is called a fistula, is a tunnel of tissue draining pus from an infection. There is no pain because the fistula keeps pressure from building in the tissue. The infection must be treated, and the tooth probably needs root canal treatment. Without treatment, it can infect the nearby tissues.
  • Root canals have a high failure rate – It is one of the most successful treatments in dentistry. With new technology and treatment techniques, it is done with a high level of success.

So, the next time you are being advised for a root canal it is definitely the need of the hour. The procedure is highly successful and painless if it is done by an expert dental clinic. Don’t let the myths keep you from what’s best for you.

Contact us for painless root canal treatment in Nepean Sea Road, Mumbai.


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Dental implants are one of the well known cosmetic dentistry choices to supplant your missing teeth. The implant is carefully put into the jawbone by your dental specialist or an oral specialist. Dental implants are screw-like parts produced using titanium that copy the capacity of a tooth root and keep a dental crown in its place.

The Three Phases of the Dental Implant Procedure

  1. A dental implant procedure is normally finished in three-phases. The principal stage is tied in with placing the implant. Subsequent to applying nearby sedation, an incision will be made on your gums and the implant will be precisely screwed into the jawbone. The gums are then shut over the implant using a couple of joins. The gum will be left to recuperate for three to a half year with the goal that the implant safely integrates into the jawbone.
  2. The subsequent stage involves placing the post or projection on the implant. This period of the dental implant procedure is done simply after the gums have recuperated totally. Another little incision is made in the gums and a projection is connected to the implant. The projection protrudes through the gum tissues. The capacity of a projection is to make sure about the dental crown securely set up.
  3. The third and final period of the dental implant procedure is the crown connection. In this stage, a tweaked crown will be appended to the implant post by your dental specialist.


Doing the dental implant in these three stages permits sufficient opportunity to check the shape and attack of the finished crown in your mouth. Accordingly, a three-stage dental implant is normally suggested by dentists when you have a solid jawbone to help dental implants.

How Long Does a Dental Implant Procedure Take?

The time expected to finish a dental implant procedure relies upon different variables, for example, your oral wellbeing, regardless of whether tooth extraction is to be performed before the implant procedure, the number of teeth involved, and their situation in your mouth. By and large, a dental implant can take around six to nine months to finish.

Is the Dental Implant Procedure Painful?

Likewise, with any surgery, dental implants additionally have a certain degree of uneasiness. Be that as it may, sedation dentistry will assist you with easing your distress. You are given nearby sedation at the hour of the implant procedure. Your dental specialist may likewise endorse drugs to assuage any pain or distress that may happen after the procedure.

On the off chance that you are looking for an expert dentist in Des Moines who can play out your dental implant expertly, call us to plan an appointment.

Related blog: Dental Implants: Key Things You Should Know

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